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    工业清洗:谈化学清洗剂的“绿化”
    2019-5-9 15:22:50
    因为目前物理清洗的局限性,化学清洗技术仍然得到广泛的应用。目前世界上工业清洗已由传统的溶剂Because of the limitations of physical cleaning, chemical cleaning technology is still widely used. At present, industrial cleaning in the world has been replaced by traditional solvents.
    清洗、水洗和表面活性剂清洗方式,发展到精细清洗和绿色清洗阶段。
    Cleaning, washing and surfactant cleaning methods have developed to the stage of fine cleaning and green cleaning.
    绿色化学要求对环境的影响尽可能小,在应用工业化学清洗技术中,工程技术人员应根据绿色化学原则The environmental impact of green chemistry is as small as possible. In the application of industrial chemical cleaning technology, engineers and technicians should follow the principle of green chemistry.
    ,选择采用无毒、无害的原料,考虑使用对环境污染小的原材料取代强酸、强碱、有机溶剂等对环境污We should choose non-toxic and harmless raw materials and consider using raw materials with less environmental pollution instead of strong acids, alkalis and organic solvents to pollute the environment.
    染很大的原材料,力争实现“零排放”。同时,在清洗过程中产生的清洗废液中含有的有毒、有害物质Dyeing large raw materials, striving to achieve "zero emissions". At the same time, the toxic and harmful substances contained in the cleaning effluent produced during the cleaning process,必须经过处理达到国家有关排放标准方可排放。
    It must be treated to meet the relevant national emission standards before it can be discharged.
    物理清洗技术以污染小、操作灵活、无腐蚀等优点将逐渐取代化学清洗并成为工业清洗的主流,物理清Physical cleaning technology will gradually replace chemical cleaning and become the mainstream of industrial cleaning with the advantages of less pollution, flexible operation and no corrosion.
    洗技术的研究和应用将更受关注,物理清洗的应用领域越来越宽。物理清洗的发展经历了由人工捅刷到The research and application of washing technology will be paid more attention, and the application field of physical cleaning will be wider and wider. The development of physical cleaning has experienced from manual poking to brushing.
    PIG清洗、射流清洗,再到多元化、集成化三个阶段。
    PIG cleaning, jet cleaning, and then to the diversification, integration of three stages.
    在物理清洗中,水射流清洗仍占主导地位,并呈加快发展态势;PIG清洗也将加快速度发展;脉冲清洗将In physical cleaning, water jet cleaning still plays a dominant role and shows a trend of accelerating development; PIG cleaning will also speed up the development; pulse cleaning will speed up the development.
    得到快速推广应用。
    It has been rapidly popularized and applied.
    随着技术的进步,干冰清洗、超声波清洗等物理清洗技术将广泛应用于工业设备的清洗当中。所以推动With the progress of technology, physical cleaning technologies such as dry ice cleaning and ultrasonic cleaning will be widely used in industrial equipment cleaning. So push工业清洗剂的发展中,技术优势将占主要地位。
    In the development of industrial detergents, technological advantages will dominate.
    PIG清洗。PIG清洗技术是欧美发达国家发明的一项先进的管道维护、清洗方法。在管道清洗方面,OIG清PIG cleaning. PIG cleaning technology is an advanced pipeline maintenance and cleaning method invented by developed countries in Europe and America. In pipeline cleaning, OIG cleaning洗具有清洗距离长、工期短、成本低、使用人工少、清洗效果好等优点,已成功地应用于石油、化工、Washing has the advantages of long cleaning distance, short construction period, low cost, less manual use and good cleaning effect. It has been successfully applied in petroleum, chemical industry, etc.
    天然气、电力、市政等领域的多种管道清洗施工中。
    In the pipeline cleaning construction of natural gas, electric power, municipal and other fields.

    高压水射流清洗。高压水射流清洗是目前国际上占绝对优势的一项清洗技术。随着现代社会对清洗行业High pressure water jet cleaning. High pressure water jet cleaning is an absolute dominant cleaning technology in the world. With the development of modern society, cleaning industry is becoming more and more popular.

                                          超声波清洗机生产厂家

    提出的效率、洁净率及环保要求的不断提高,高压水射流清洗技术的普及应用是必然趋势,在石油、化With the continuous improvement of efficiency, cleanliness and environmental protection requirements, the popularization and application of high pressure water jet cleaning technology is an inevitable trend in petroleum and chemical industry.
    工、天然气、电力、市政等领域已经开始取代化学清洗。
    Chemical cleaning has been replaced in the fields of industry, natural gas, electricity and municipal administration.
    干冰清洗技术。干冰清洗是利用固体二氧化碳在空气中氧化的原理进行工业清洗,干冰粒使污垢冷却以Dry ice cleaning technology. Dry ice cleaning is an industrial cleaning based on the principle of oxidation of solid carbon dioxide in air. Dry ice particles make dirt cool.
    至脆化,从而被带离被清洁物表面。干冰清洗技术具有无水分和无清洗介质残留的优点。
    To embrittlement, which is taken away from the surface of the cleaned object. Dry ice cleaning technology has the advantages of no water and no residual cleaning media.
    超声波清洗。超声波清洗在应用初期主要用于电子工业,由于电子工业的限制,超声波清洗设备电源的Ultrasound cleaning. Ultrasound cleaning is mainly used in the electronic industry at the initial stage of application. Due to the limitation of the electronic industry, the power supply of the ultrasonic cleaning equipment is used.
    体积比较庞大,稳定性及使用寿命不太理想,价格昂贵,一般的工矿企业难以承受。
    The volume is relatively large, the stability and service life are not ideal, the price is expensive, and the general industrial and mining enterprises can not afford it.
    激光清洗。激光清洗是一种新的清洗方法,它利用激光的方向性和高亮度,通过光剥离、光分解等原理Laser cleaning. Laser cleaning is a new cleaning method. It uses the directionality and high brightness of laser, through the principles of photopeeling and photodecomposition.
    清除材料表面的污垢物,具有简单方便无二次污染等独特优点。
    Cleaning the dirt on the surface of the material has the unique advantages of simplicity, convenience and no secondary pollution.